Book Manufacturing Glossary
1.) Authorization from the customer to proceed with production.
2.) A color correct proof used to match at press (a Kodak product).
Offset stock with a very rough finish.
Customer requested changes to be made to images, or text (usually at additional cost to the customer).
A measurement of paper in points, or pounds. The higher the number, the heavier the stock.
Image that extends beyond the trim of the book to be intentionally trimmed off during binding.
A debossed area on a case that does not receive foil.
Folded and gathered signatures that are bound with glue, staples, or sewn, but have not received a case or cover.
C1S / C2S
C1S is stock that has a coating on one size. C2S has coating on both sides.
Lamination embossed with a criss-cross pattern.
Board with a cover applied that will wrap around a book block.
A hard cover book.
To enclose a book block within a case.
The four process colors used to create images (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black).
Coating applied to the stock by the mill to enhance ink, such as gloss, dull, or matte.
Adjusting files to match the color of original artwork, or some other media, usually at additional cost to the customer.
Artwork, files, or proofs that have varying shades but do not have dots.
Artwork that spans both pages of an open book.
A lowered section of paper or cloth created by compressing dies or patterned rollers together with force.
Leaving the face edge of the book torn instead of cut.
A low resolution proof used to ensure proper page position, and collation.
A measurement used to determine the number of Dots Per Inch. Higher DPI produces a sharper image.
A handmade mock up of a finished book with blank pages and cover.
A film applied to covers and jackets with a dull finish. Also called Matte Lamination. Dull finish is prone to scuffing.
A liquid coating applied to covers on press that is cured with ultraviolet light producing a dull finish.
A color image created using only two colors.
Sheets attached to the first and last section of a book which will adhere to the case board, thereby casing in the book.
A raised section of paper or lamination created by compressing dies or patterned rollers together with force.
A color correct continuous tone proof (an Epson product).
The edge of the book opposite the spine and gutter.
A premixed ink color used in addition to four color process.
Fold and Gather
A set of trimmed signatures. Also called F &G's.
Stamping a case with a heated die adhering colored foil to the case.
A page number.
The bottom of a page.
Four Color Process
The four process colors used to create images (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black). Also called CMYK.
A film applied to covers and jackets with a gloss finish.
A liquid coating applied to covers on press that is cured with ultraviolet light producing a gloss finish.
Paper made using mechanical grinding instead of chemical processing. Newspaper is a good example of this.
The portion of a page that is next to the spine.
Photographs that have been converted to images comprised of dots.
The top of page.
A bulls eye shaped imperfection caused by a speck of dust stuck to a printing blanket.
An area running parallel and next to the spine of a hard case book without board adhered, to allow the cover to bend and the book to open.
Ink Drawn Down
A test showing how a specific color of ink will look on a specific kind of stock.
ISBN Number - (International Standard Book Number)
A number assigned to a specific book publication.
A diagram showing dimensions required for covers and jackets, etc.
Lamination embossed with a linen pattern to simulate cloth.
The process required to prepare a piece of equipment to perform a particular task.
Space between the edge of the book and the image, or text.
A moiré occurs when two screens of dots are improperly aligned causing a displeasing pattern within a color. An example of this can be seen with two window screens laid on top of each other and slowly rotating one of them.
Similar to Perfect Binding, with the addition of grooves cut into the spine area to allow adhesive to penetrate more deeply into the paper.
Printing press that transfers ink from plate to blanket, then to the paper instead of from the plate directly to the paper.
One side of a sheet in a book.
A book bound with a paper cover.
Using adhesive to bind a book (not sewn or stapled).
Perfect Case Bound
A hard cover book bound using adhesive (not sewn or stapled).
Pantone Matching System used to specify color mix of ink.
Red, Green, Blue. Computer monitors display in RGB format. Most image files were created in RGB format. For images to be compatible with print production, images must be converted to the proper format, typically CMYK.
Binding using staples through the spine.
1.) A sheet has two sides, and is made up of two pages.
2.) A single piece of paper run through a press.
Offset presses that print a single sheet of paper at a time.
Sewing a book through the sheets near the spine.
A single sheet of stock printed on both sides. Signatures may still be flat, or folded and trimmed in varying page counts.
Software that allows you to view changes, or corrections to your project online. This method is best used for a small number of correction pages, and not an entire book.
Binding by sewing through the spine of each section, then to each other.
The back of a book, or the binding edge.
Offset presses that print from a roll of paper.